- Published: October 26, 2022
- Updated: October 26, 2022
- University / College: Monash University
- Level: Doctor of Philosophy
- Language: English
- Downloads: 38
Related to philosophy of the Mind/Theology
The paper “ The Significance of Utilitarian and Kantian Ethical Theories” is an outstanding version of an essay on philosophy. Utilitarian and Kantian Ethical theories have been played a significant role in developing the aspects related to many aspects and are prevalent in all theologies. Both theories play a critical role in impacting the issue of world poverty. According to utilitarianism, ethics is not beneficial unless it’s implemented in real life methodology. Ethical judgment is difficult to make due to the fact that simple rules conflict. Utilitarianism is a consequentialist system as it regards an action as right as long as it benefits the whole society. Kantian and Utilitarian ethics play a fundamental role in defining the daily aspects of individual decision making through perceptions, actions, and moral outcomes of each theory. The first element that dictates the course of actions taken by an individual is seen through their set of the notion of ethics. Utilitarianism ethics argues that suffering, starvation, and death from lack of food is detrimental. If one does not take any action to prevent this suffering without being shallow, then according to utilitarian ethics they are wrong. If one fails to donate to an agency and does not facilitate that process directly himself, they are ethically wrong and at fault. In addition, the concept of the Golden Rule is embedded in the utilitarian ethics itself. If one understands the fact that the limit their lavish spending to the bare minimum, they can drastically eliminate some of the poverty in society.
Consequently, Kantian ethics takes a different approach to this situation. Donating to a charitable organization often is considered a virtuous act. However, Kant argues that rather than enhancing the condition of the poor, we should focus on ourselves. In essence, it is wrong for an individual to prioritize the conditions of others from the condition of oneself. For instance, if a mother devotes her time helping a charity and does not spend time with her kids; she becomes a victim of depriving herself of the benefits in the future. The duty to assist the poor according to Kant is an imperfect duty. Since Kant tends to focus on the fact that rather than improving the condition of others, one should focus on oneself—it is not surprising to realize that we should be morally obligated to serve ourselves.
The second element that proves that individuals are keen to agree with utilitarian ethics is because of the free will and predestination logic associated with it. Without a doubt, both theories are essential to the idea of poverty. Utilitarian ethics agree that although most individuals do have the free choice of controlling their faith, some people are inflicted with unfortunate circumstances. Utilitarian ethics acknowledge the idea that most people do not possess enough resources to sustain themselves. The idea of giving and being engaged in charity is essential because everyone possesses different circumstances. One cannot make the judgment that the person is unfortunate due to their own fault. For instance, kids in Africa strive every day to get a bucket of water and have to walk for several miles just for this resource. Consequently, kids in America have resources to educate themselves and be nourished on a daily basis. It is the moral obligation of humanity itself to serve those who are in need because it is a moral duty. Truly one can only reach salvation when an individual understands this key concept. The last element that proves that most individuals continue to believe in utilitarian ethics more than Kant’s ethics is because of the favorable outcomes that utilitarian ethics encounter.
Without a doubt, Kant’s moral theory is not necessarily to focus on consequences necessarily, but rather focusing on an issue that should be done regardless of the burden it creates. The theory automatically assumes that an individual should naturally execute an action regardless of the consequences. An individual should commit to an action even it causes unhappiness and is not logical. This concept is extremely essential base on the fact that humans should not care if their actions are moral as long as they are ethical. For instance, one cannot blame someone else if they attempt to be nice but instead end up hurting the other individual. One must comprehend that that person had good intentions and meant well. Again, this is vital in the society that we live in because it creates diffusion and a moral viewpoint on conflicts and tensions that occur every day. Moreover, if the outcome that an individual desired was not the end product, then an individual’s decision to act in a certain manner should not affect that particular judgment. It is quite essential to understand this concept as many decisions made by the individual in our society tend to think that a certain approach was no appropriate due to the fact it did not benefit them.
For instance, if a person was to give another person a CPR and that individual still passes away, one cannot question the notion of the person’s valiant attempt to save their life. Since Kant’s ethics are absolute, one can seriously question the challenge it poses. For instance, lying is absolutely forbidden according to Kant’s ethics. However, can one not lie in the life-threatening scenario or to get someone medication that they desperately need and do not possess the adequate resources? Kantian ethics takes a different approach than utilitarian ethics. For instance, donating to a charitable organization often is considered a virtuous act. However, Kant argues that rather than enhancing the condition of the poor, we should focus on ourselves. In essence, it is wrong for an individual to prioritize the conditions of others from the condition of oneself. For instance, if a mother devotes her time helping a charity and does not spend time with her kids; she becomes a victim of depriving herself of the benefits in the future. The duty to assist the poor according to Kant is an imperfect duty. Since Kant tends to focus on the fact that rather than improving the condition of others, one should focus on oneself—it is not surprising to realize that we should be morally obligated to serve ourselves.
All these elements have dynamically impacted individuals in their regular decision making. These philosophies have engaged individuals to decide the fate of their actions, their morality, and their own ethics. Undoubtedly, both Kantian and Utilitarian ethics will continue to make huge impact on the ideals of philosophies for centuries to come.
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