Mahindra & Mahindra was first started In 1942 in Ludhiana named as Mahindra and Mohammed by K. C Mahindra and J. C Mahindra brother with Mohammed . after India got independence it got changed to Mahindra and Mahindra in 1948. Mahindra and Mahindra at first it manufactures only general purpose vehicles . M&M introduced jeeps to India later it introduced light commercial vehicles and agricultural tractors and army vehicles. M&M is one of the leading tractor brand in world, it acquires plants in china and UK and 3 assembly plants in USA . M&M has partnerships with international companies like international truck and engine corporation, USA and Renault SA, France. M&M products are exported to many countries. M&M was the largest tractors manufacturing company in India and commercial vehicles like bolero, Scorpio and Xylo.
Firstzeep multipurpose tractor
2 wheeler bolero
Mission/Vision : M&M mission/vision is fully collaborative environment in which suppliers can deliver exactly what the need. To create largest automobile and related products distribution by dealers and customers .
goals of Mahindra is to provide highly technological product and service.
Average tractors per 1000 Acers is 19 world wide that has to reach in india also.
Low intrest rates for agricultural purpose
M&M expects 300 u. s dealers signed when it begins selling an suv
Mahindra wants to enter almost all continents of the world
Mahindra & Mahindra received the prestigious National Energy Conservation Award from the Ministry of Power in 2003
In 2004 M&M received golden peacock national quality award for the firm equipment sector
In 2005 M&M has been awarded star performer by engineering export promotion council
In 2005 M&M received pc quest’s best IT implementation
In 2006 M&M received MIS AsiaIT Excellence award
CNBC Asia Business Leader Award for the year 2006
In 2006 systech received the best supplier award from benteler automotives
Business Man of the year 2007 from Business India
In 2007 M&M received gold award for csr at the Pegasus csr awards
M&M received intelligent enterprise awards 2010 in industrial production
in 1953 otis elevator company was established
in 1954 collaboration with willys overland corporation to assembly
in 1957mahindra owen established joint venture with rubbery owen & company limited uk
in 1962 mahindra ugine steel company is established
in 1963 international tractor company of india is establishe
in 1983 M&M became market leader in the Indian tractor market
in 1991 introduction of commander range vehicle
In 1986 Tech Mahindra (formerly known as Mahindra British Telecom) is established.
In 1994 Mahindra group created 6 Strategic Business Units they are: Automotive or Automobiles, Trading, Farm Equipment, Infrastructure, Financial Services, Information Technology(earlier it is Telecom and Software) and Systech(earlier it is MSAT).
In 1999 Mahindra group launched a 3-wheeler vehicle which is environmental friendly, a battery-operated.
In the year 2007 Mahindra group focused on health and the environment. It launched Mahindra Hariyali, which aims to add 1 million trees to India’s green cover and it also launched Lifeline Express
In the year 2007 Tech Mahindra LTD launched Tech Mahindra Foundation on June 13th 2007.
Political factors : organization which operate within their own country are generally well aware of the political structures that are in operation . with in the increasing number of global businesses, the political dimentionsion is important for many organizations and generates opportunities and threats in equal measure
Issues to be considered include:
Stability of political systems
Government prompt to do tractors with new mechanism that help farmers to produce crops I east way for that government released some
Mahindra & Mahindra launched multi utility tractor “ shaan” in 2006 to increase crop production
Government laid stress on Mahindra & Mahindra to increase the production of tractors to increase crop production
Mahindra and Mahindra Increases NPA(non performing assets) pressure on banks in certain states
Economical factors: A recession can have a significant effect on whether current customers can afford to continue purchasing certain types of branded products, particularly luxury or leisure-oriented ones that are generally ascribed to discretionary income categories. Equally a rise in raw materials cost such as oil, will affect the financial performance of brand
Mahindra and Mahindra Is largest tractor manufacturing company in India and the tractors are cheaper in India
Vehicle sales increased by 43% by loan facility intrest rate is also very low
Exports of tractors is also increased by 26%
Production of crops is also increased by tractor performance so that exports is also increased
Social factors: social factors relate to the lifestyles , habits, trends, fashions and beliefs of people.
Change in nation norms and values
The demand of caring others
Medical advances causing an increase in the average age of the population
Career expectations of employees
Training and development expectations of employees
Corporate social responsible is their vision
In 2005 on 60th anniversary group decide 1% on profit to corporate social responsible after the tax
In 1953 K. C Mahindra trust is to provide education it is registered as a public charitable trust released 13. 50 crores in the form of scholarships
Mahindra foundation is established to provide medicine to poor
In 2009 M&M contributes 49, 280 man hours to towords social program
4) Technological Factors : technology can create radical change and create great disruptions or distortions in pre-existing markets. Technology factors involve changes in technology and advanced in the process of production . advanced in in technology are increased at the fastest pace in our history.
> M&M first released tractors it just dig the land to crop
> later technology changes M&M launched multi utility tractor “ shaan”
> at present harvesters are launched to harvest the crop with out labour
5) legal Factors: this is often linked to the political situation within a market. changes in legislation can have serious effects on brand longevity
a) M&M conduct business as a responsible corporate citizen, M&M expects their employees to work with this principle
b)a common approach is adopted in M&M because their business is spread over different locations
c) agriculture policies collaboration with government
6) Ecological factors: Global warming will impact brands in the future and may already be doing so at present in ways yet difficult to pinpoint . automotive manufacturers , no mater where they are in the world, will need to consider replacing the current combustion engine, not to mention more deeply considered the life cycles of their products far beyond their useful functional life
a)energy saving initiatives: optimization of electrical distribution leads to energy savings according to demand management, 470, 403 kwh saved
b) automated paperless warranty claim: co2 is the main harmful gas that depleted ozone layer recycling of paper leads to decrease the 40 % cutting of trees
c)wagholi village situated in pune distict, Maharashtra was also facing water problem with the investment of rs 12laks reservoir project execution was maintained by Mahindra
SWOT (Strengths, Weakness, Opportunities, Threats) of Mahindra & Mahindra group
Strengths of Mahindra & Mahindra
There is government support for M&M A+
Mahindra & Mahindra launches new products with great technology it is use full for farmers
Domain specific business: tech Mahindra focused on the telecommunications so that industy to enable to develop the company
Tech Mahindra also developed “ VOIP” voice data convergent systems include voice over internet protocol and location based services for the next generation
Solution support systems: business support systems, operations support systems, next generation services , life cycle support services
Mahindra gears is leading manufacturer of quality gears in 1987 it produce 150, 000 quality assure gears every month
Focus on research and development: M&M maintain relationship with R&D with leading technology for next generation solutions to developed applications focused on ip services
Weakness of Mahindra & Mahindra
The company is highly dependent on rural sectors, rural sector is highly dependent on mansoon, it got impact on sales
R&D is not world class
Manufacturing company not attracting the best management talent
Aggressive distribution and selling culture absent
Customer interactions not very regular
Opportunities of Mahindra & Mahindra
Well poised to exploit the growing sports utility vehicle market
Low manufacturing cost in india for exports
Diesel offers lower running costs
Rural demand is increased
Mahindra & Mahindra group will be more competitive in Chinese market if they provided after sales services.
the government has trying to strengthen the exports of agricultural products
they need better rural and agricultural infrastructure. result in increasing the demand of tractor
in India 10 tractors per 1000 hectares which is much below worlds average is 19 tractors for same there is scope to demand increase.
Threats of Mahindra & Mahindra
India has become a hot destination for all auto giants.
Environmental impact of diesel can impair future growth.
Scorpio lacks the brand image possessed by pajero, prado , etc they could launch stripped-down versions to tap the lower sports utility vehicle.
The company is investing in unrelated fields such as telcom, holiday and resorts inn , it is a dangerous tendency as it leads to destruction of share holders value.
Entry of foreign players in the tractors segment could pose a threat to the company, foreign players are technically more competitive than Mahindra & Mahindra.
Competition is also increasing
China don’t have banking facilities they are undeveloped.
FOUR I’s of Mahindra & Mahindra:
The four I’s:
2. INITIAL CONDITIONS.
1. INNOVATIONS: Mahindra & Mahindra is one of the top industry in India. M&M is always leader in innovating new products that is helpful to the country . Mahindra received excellence in innovation award in 2008 innovation is the core of its growth strategy
According to this M&M group:
a) Mahindra is always forefront of innovation, customer is the primary role played in our innovations.” Innovation should start with the insight about customer, which the Mahindra & Mahindra group found by going to fields and observing the lives of farmers.
b) The Mahindra & Mahindra group encourages the experiments.
c) Promoting the culture of innovation through the business to get revenue and growth
d) M&M is facing challenge of innovation and helping individual to move to new levels of performance.
e) The important point in this is that great products shouls have great design.
Thus M&M maintained culture of innovating
2. INITIAL CONDITIONS: initial conditions means providing the potential for catching up poor Provides the potential for ‘ catching up’. Poor countries can grow faster when they set on a
convergence path to the rich economies.
Mahindra adopted sathyam when IT totally lost and named it as Mahindra and sathyam
M&M makes deal with R&D when it is weak
The Mahindra & Mahindra entered into different field
Automotive: the Mahindra automotive sector is to manufacturing and marketing utility vehicles and light commercial vehicles and three wheelers
Two wheelers: the two wheeler sector of Mahindra designed scooters and motorcycles
Farm equipment : Mahindra & Mahindra is on top 3 tractors brand in the. it received japan quality in 2007
Financial sector: Mahindra & Mahindra Financial Services Ltd is leading non-banking finance . it provide finance to utility vehicles, tractors and cars in rural and urban sectors
Infrastructure development : Mahindra group has amajor presence in the infrastructure that develops real estates and special economic zones. Mahindra lifespan developers ltd has been at the forefront of urban development in the county .
Mahindra sathyam:, Mahindra & Mahindra came to software field after buying Satyam company and it is named as Mahindra Satyam
Mahindra & Mahindra Group also have Mahindra Special Services which was established in 2001 as a separate division in Mahindra & Mahindra.
Mahindra & Mahindra also have Mahindra Defence Systems which oversees the requirement of India’s Defence and Security forces.
4. INVESTIMENTS: M&M invests and adopt many companies presently Mahindra &Mahindra group want to aquire Ssangyong and expand its business in international market. In the past Mahindra & Mahindra Group made many Joint Ventures and acquisitions and it has forayed into different sectors of automobiles like light, medium and heavy commercial vehicles. It also ambitious to acquire two wheelers also.
Conclution : A brief research on Mahindra & Mahindra’s long term sustainability. The company maintain some strategic key points in the external environment for long term sustainability and success . Mahindra and Mahindra developed a culture to innovate new products for agriculture M&M is largest tractor manufacturing company in India. manufacturing is cheaper in India so that it makes exports to other counties. A new multi purpose tractor helps farmer a lot. First it enter market with jeep later sports utility vehicle, commercial vehicle etc. corporate social responsibility is their vision with the strategy power consumption is saved and awarded with the recycle of paper idea save 40% of trees, production of crops increased by 40% with advanced shaan vehicles and 26% of exports is also increased . profits is not their vision they helped 11. 3 crores rs to girls to study with the scholarship. On the 60th anniversary they decided 1% on profit after tax is goes to CSR. goals of M&M are 300u. s dealers and in India for every 1000 acers 19 tractors are required average of worlds at present there r only 10 tractors for 1000 acers they need to sell 19 tractors for 1000 acers M&M received many awards for their excellence and it is top most industry in India.