Genuine Definition Essay Examples

Papers already added: 484

Definitions of place: katherine mansfield and virginia woolf

Women's place was in the private sphere of home, that consists of the house and the garden, and she had a moral duty as a wife and a mother. She is trying to make the reader feel and question themselves how it would be in a public or private space.

Types of business loan – business loan definitions

The research it will open the window on the different terms of loans i.e.short term, medium term and long term and it is up to the businesses to decide which is the most affective for the business. The bank buys the asset and leases it to the businesses by lease agreement that gives the business β†’

Definition of success

Success is doing work as best as one can to achieve the goal set by the superior and feeling happy. Fame, Fortune, and Ambition: What Is the Real Meaning of Success?

Definitions by scholars on corporate culture

The strength of culture can be referred to the extent to which members of an organization embrace the values of the culture. Does culture push members to behave in ways that are counter to the formal mission and goals of the organization by culture moving the organization in the right direction?

Human diversity: definition and evidences

Hence, in order to further understand the concept of diversity it is best to define the term in consideration of humans and also identify evidences of diversity present within cultural groups. Hence, in this sense, diversity in humans, through a biological perspective may be defined as differences in terms of the expression of genes which β†’

Definition of courage according to laches essay sample

In this regard, Laches agree that the battle field is the only place which can be used to judge the courage of a man since the more man can endure in the battle field, the more courageous he is. He agrees with Laches that courage is usually displayed in the battle field but that is β†’

Mental health – definition and case study

In this positive sense, mental health is the foundation for well- being and effectuating for an individual and for a community, defined mental health as ' thinking, feeling and physical health and well-being'. Norman and Ryrie are in the agreement with the WHO'S definition they believe it is slightly complex and they suggest that, the β†’

What is bartletts definition of latin europe and frankish europe

In the particular excerpt from Bartlett's book that I have assigned to you, Bartlett argues for the importance of colonization as a key theme in the High Middle Ages and provides an outline sketch of the expansion of the Roman Catholic Church. Likely trained as a Priest himself, Fulcher of Chartres was one of the β†’

The problem definition stage

If the value of addressing the problem is less than the cost of the research, research is unnecessary. Sales volume in units is indicated to be the variable of interest.

Definition of organization culture cultural studies essay

Power Distance This refers to the degree of inequality that exists and is accepted among people with and without power. High MAS scores are found in countries where men are expected to be tough, to be the provider, to be assertive and to be strong.

Definitions and causes of intellectual disabilities

There is interference by alcohol in the delivery of food and oxygen to the brain, which affects the brain development and the connection of brain to the other organs of the body. Thus, these clients as well as the family need to be educated on what it is and the management a of epilepsy.

Concepts and definitions in economics

Supply and demand Supply and demand are perhaps one of the most fundamental concepts of economics and it is the backbone of a market economy. The correlation between price and how much of a good or service is supplied to the market is known as the supply relationship.

The concept and definition of leisure

These are leisure as time, leisure as an activity, quality of leisure and personal attitude. As shown, although leisure is subjective, external factors often have a role to play in the choices an individual makes.

Price of freedom: an analysis of the motivations of different tennessee williams characters with respect to aristotelian definitions of character and the struggle between duty and desire

As taxing as this struggle may be for the two men, as characters, it is a blessing in Aristotelian terms, as the pull between duty and desire defines Tom and John as proper characters according to Aristotle's definitions as enumerated in Poetics, which are that a full character must be good, proper, true to life, β†’

The definition and differences of complicated grief reaction

The first page contains the introduction of the research paper, definition of grief and the differences between normal or uncomplicated grief and complicated grief. The third page outlines the warning signs of complicated grief reaction and the four major categories of complicated grief reaction: chronic or prolonged, delayed, exaggerated and masked reactions.

Conceptual definition of family

In a family, members are able to compromise with the ones they love, in order to make the relationship work. Being the only person in a family that gets to do or get what they want makes the others in the family want to envy and rebel against that member.

Definition of sport

1 Competitive games and sport which are characterised by the acceptance of rules and [pic] responses to opposing challenge Click on picture to visit NFL website 2 Outdoor pursuits in which participants seek to negotiate some particular terrain: [pic] the challenge derive from the manner of negotiation adopted and are modified by the particular terrain β†’

Definition of the term fertility transition history essay

However, the less developed economies in the late twentieth century have not been following the exact same path of fertility transition that developed economies in Europe before WWI experienced and consequently, the speed and nature of fertility decline have varied among the pioneers and latecomers. In pioneers, cultural context played important role for setting the β†’

Definitions available for quantitative research given by different authors

Survey methodology will be used to collect data for the purpose of this research as the work of Saunders has been very valuable in orienting the choice of data collection method for this study. The aim of this research is to evaluate the consumer attitude towards internet banking and according to Saunders, Lewis and Thornhill β†’

Movement-based embodied contemplative practices: definitions and paradigms

Francisco Varela was one of the first to introduce the term " embodied mind" into cognitive neuroscience as a counter to the concept of a " disembodied mind," a mental entity considered independently of its relationship to a body and the environment, and. Similarly, the dynamical systems approach to developmental theory, psychoanalysis as well as β†’

Swot analysis opportunities: definition & examples

Examples of Opportunities in SWOT Analysis Practical examples always help to explain topics better than just words, so here are some both general and specific examples of opportunities that you might come across in a SWOT analysis. That's all there is to opportunities in SWOT analysis.

Shakespeare’s definition of love

The line " Love is not love / Which alters when it alteration finds," creates a sense of stability for love since Shakespeare argues love is false if it changes with a change in situation. By contrasting the nature of love to the personality of Creon, Shakespeare creates distinction between the stubbornness of love and β†’

Definition of words

In essence, the adherence to scientific techniques in solving issues in the field of nursing is a perfect application of relative positivism. Deductive Reasoning According to Munhall, deductive reasoning is a way of reasoning in which a person starts with the general ideas about the subject followed by a stepwise elimination of the unwanted ideas, β†’

Social psychology definition paper assignment

One of the other biggest social influences is n school which is another example of peer pressure and how one can influence another by trying to get them to do drugs, drink or even do sexual things that particularly are not allowed and that are against the law. Research in Social psychology Many different methods β†’

Civil disobedience definition

Bartleby is merely a lonely guy who does not wish to work and has nothing to do with civil disobedience. King and Thoreau" s ideas of what civil disobedience is do not match up with the actions of Bartleby.

Definition and nature of intangible assets accounting essay

It concentrated on explaining the nature of intangible assets and the valuation and recognition of intangible asset with identifiability and separability concepts. The case study is about the non monetary assets, characteristics of intangible assets and effect of Business Combination standards on the recognition, valuation and measurement of intangible assets.

Definition of the four factors of production commerce essay

Labour is defined as the exercise of human mental and physical effort in the production of goods and services, where humans are rewarded in the form of an income. The quality of labour is depends on the size of the population and the portion that is able and willing to work.

Definitions of forced or unfree labor

This paper aims to critically evaluate the growth and related governance of the unfree labor market in the modern global economy. However, in contrast to governments, NGOs have pushed the idea of Rights and suffering as the basis of the fight against this type of labor.

Definition of lifespan development or lifespan psychology

The study of Lifespan Development is of extreme relevance and importance to the Counselling and Consulting Psychologist. The theories provide a guide as to the developmental stages and expectation of each stage across the lifespan.

Definition norm is an abstract pattern held in

Norms refer to " the rules that guide behaviour in everyday situations and are derived from the value"-Donald Light Jr.and Suzanne Keller.4. Norms define how the value of ' privacy' is translated into action in particular situations and circumstances.

Definitions for ethics gcse assignment

Two beliefs Christians might have about cloning = Since the bible does not specifically deal with the subject of cloning Christians views differ upon this topic, some suggest that all life is sacred an unique due to God's holy creation and should therefore not be trifled with others believe cloning is even a great sin β†’

Competency based hrm definition of competencies commerce essay

This chapter provides key conceptual definitions of role of strategic HRM in response to challenges in global market, definition of competency, link between competency and human performance, practical experience of using competency model in organization and implication of using competency model in organization. A competency may be comprised of knowledge, a single skill or ability, β†’

The definition and mechanisms of sukuk finance essay

The following are the more common as identified by the Accounting and Auditing Organization for Islamic Financial Institutions: These are investment sukuk that represent ownership of units of equal value in the Mudharabah equity and are registered in the names of holders on the basis of undivided ownership of shares in the Mudharabah equity and β†’

The definition of financial terminology within the market

Financial markets is a market which for the exchange of the capital and credit, it including the money markets and the capital markets. The financial intermediaries is the specialized financial firms that facilities the transfer of funds from the savers to demander of capital.

Ama: marketing and definition essay

Many contain commentaries on Mama's 2004 effort to facilitate and encourage Interaction and dialogue pertaining to the section of the fall 2007 issue of Journal of Public Policy & Marketing POP) titled " The American Marketing Association's 2004 Definition of Marketing: Perspectives on Its Implications for Scholarship and the Role and Responsibility of Marketing in β†’

What is the definition of art? essay sample

Taylor, who is also known " Management is a Art of recognizing what to do when to do and see that it is done in the best and least expensive way". A deliberate group of learning: In science dealt with and think examination material is open which is used to get the data of science.

Definition and measure of unmet need health essay

Although the concept of unmet need for family planning is the discrepancy between fertility preferences and contraceptive use, the definition of unmet need for family planning has been under continuous revision and development since the 1960s. The study seeks to identify proximate determinants of unmet need for family planning and not estimates of unmet need β†’

The definition, history and importance of environmental auditing

The case studies will cover the adoption process of environmental auditing, how companies have had to change their practices to meet changes in legislation over time, and, a review of any action which has been taken against companies, due to the neglect of environmental practices. Although environmental auditing is not a recent phenomenon, and is β†’

Impact of curriculum definitions and theories

In addition, the essay sets out to explore curriculum in relation to delivery and Curriculum is often seen as the main concern in the educational field however, the type of curricula to offer to learners is crucial. However, considers the curriculum as educational foundations and contents, their sequencing in relation to the amount of time β†’

Definition of health essay

I have a family history of high blood pressure and high cholesterol so I know it is important that I start to pay attention to my diet now that I am in my middle thirty's rather than waiting until it is too late. I feel like I am a part of the era that has β†’

Definition of workplace diversity

Though challenges are inherent with workplace diversity, cultivating a diverse workforce can help a company to better navigate the global economy of the 21st century. Recommendations Organizations can help to foster workplace diversity in a number of ways, including through informed recruiting and hiring practices.

Study on the definition of eugenics history essay

The definition of eugenics is the study and practice of selective breeding applied to humans, with the aim of improving the species. It was noted that the best men have intercourse with the best women and it is true of the opposite of society, in regards to inferiority.

Personal definitions of success

In the specific definition of personal success is inseparable from the people, a person to succeed is to rely on the help of friends and family will be a success, and their people must be to have the strength to believe and to obey. The focus of the sixth is a successful person that they β†’

Definition of organizational psychology assignment

This essay will define the use of organizational psychology; the role of research and statistics in this form of psychology; and the many uses of organizational psychology within the workplace. Research and Statistics in Organizational Psychology In view of the fact that organizational psychologists are under the umbrella of expectation to make unbiased, evenhanded suggestions β†’

The concept and definition of hrp business essay

INTRODUCTIONCONCEPT AND DEFINITION OF MPP/HRPNature and Scope of HRPLeading Features of HRPUnderlying Factors of HRPManpower planning vs HRPLevels of HRPPeriods of HRPPURPOSE, NEED AND OBJECTIVE OF HRPPurposes of HRPNeed of HRPObjectives of HRPTRENDS, BEHAVIOURAL FACTORS ON HRPTrends that Impact HRPBehavioural Factors On HRPINFORMATION FOR HRPSTEPS, STAGES, FUNCTIONS, STRATEGIES OF HRPSteps in HRPHRP StagesHRP FunctionsHRP StrategiesIMPORTANCE β†’

With or society’s definition of a particular

The eating habits of an individual can describe a great deal about the person and that description is not just limited to the likes and dislikes based on their tastebuds; but their choice of food can also tell us about their endeavours, their everyday routines, their genders, ethnicities, class and in a way also a β†’

Time series analysis – arima models – basic definitions and theorems about arima models

It is however possible to remove the intervening correlations between Xt and Xt-k by defining a partial autocorrelation function The partial autocorrelation coefficients are defined as the last coefficient of a partial autoregression equation of order k It is obvious that there exists a relationship between the PACF and the ACF since can be rewritten β†’

The consumer behaviour definition economics essay

A significant aspect of international marketing is the study of consumers - what products and services attract them, how they behave in relation to the efforts of companies to offer goods to them, and how they respond to the different media used by mnes. Price elasticity of demand can be defined as awareness or understanding β†’

Argument for the social definition of “medicate”

This meaning is widely accepted when the word is used in a general sense to refer to the idea of the process of treating medical illness with substances. In many cases, however, the word " medicate" takes on an additional meaning when it is used to denote the process in which people try to use β†’

Operating model definition

The main location will have the ability to make changes to expectations or processes and make them available to all of the 200 locations from the main location without having to go to each location individually. The chosen model would help in any of the four scenarios; however it would prove to be a vital β†’

Definition of american literature 1865-1914

In Jack London's " To Build a Fire," the protagonist's free will is nonexistent as his life is challenged by the imposing foe of nature, which serves as the short story's antagonist. It represented in a degree, to the correspondent, the serenity of nature amid the struggles of the individual nature in the wind, and β†’

Definition of data mining engineering

NOW WE SAVE OUR FILE AS CSV WITH COMMA DELIMITER Open the file with notepad++ Relation The names, the types and the values of the properties are defined by @ following informations types. 286 1 2: Merit 2: Merit 0.3 *0.6 0.

Definition of quality of life

One indicator that has been used to measure quality of life is level of happiness and when their fell that their life is in danger, they cannot reach the quality of life. Variability is the most domain of well being that taken by individual to experience in their life.

Examining victimology definitions and paradigms criminology essay

The act of crime is brought about by breaking the law enforced by the government of nations thus there is violation of rights entitled to individuals and disruptions of well being. There is need to understand victimizations and being a victim in order to put the strategies and precautions of being vulnerable to being a β†’

Definition of design thinking

Definition of Design Thinking Definition of Design Thinking The term ' design thinking' is attributed to Herbert A. Figure A: Illustration of design thinking activities correlating in engineering and business.

Definition and usage

Before the 20th century, the term was uncommon in English, and usually referred to the description or study of the useful arts.[1] The term was often connected to technical education, as in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.[2] " Technology" rose to prominence in the 20th century in connection with the Second Industrial Revolution. The Merriam-Webster β†’

Cognitive psychology definition paper assignment

Cognitive Psychology Definition Paper Tiffany Barbieri PSY/360 Kelly Carroll 8/2/2010 Out of the many branches of psychology, cognitive psychology is the " branch of psychology that studies mental processes". Ulric Neisser played a major role in the development of cognitive psychology when he published his first, and most influential, of his books: Cognitive Psychology in β†’

Definition of security in info. sys

Definition of Security in Information Systems With the advancement of Information technology, more corporations in the world today employ informationsystems to perform basic functions such as input, processing, storage and output of data to convert it into useful information. The first kind of threat that can harm the security of IS is hacking, which refers β†’

Sat synonyms list 2 – with synonym or original word definition

90/PAGEOrder NowChurlish rude, mean Synonym: Boorish- resembling or befitting crude insensitivityDearth a lack of Synonym: Paucity- a small amount of something; an amount that is less than what is needed or wantedDiffident lacking confidence, shy Synonym: Timid- feeling or showing a lack of courage or confidenceEclectic diverse Synonyms: Multifarious- of many and various kinds Sundry- β†’

The definition of marz-ul-maut is that a malady

It is an essential ingredient of a marz-ul-maut gift that the donor must die of the malady from which he was suffering at the time when he made the gift. The second requirement of a marz-ul-maut gift is that there must be an apprehension of death in the mind of the donor, irrespective of the β†’

The definition of empowerment nursing essay

The importance of empowerment in nursing is that nurses will feel that they have the power to authorize their job, satisfaction in their job and feel appreciated. Besides that, the ward staff nurses are also given chance to be promoted as a link nurse for the infection control team and so on to share out β†’

Definition of the informal sector

The following definition prepared by ILO and UNDP, 1972 refers " to the non-structured sector that has emerged in the urban centres as a result of the incapacity of the modern sector to absorb new entrants". They involved the provision of incentives, training in entrepreneurship, and the addition of units relevant to the informal sector β†’

The types and definitions of stigma

In the case of " abomination of the body" people living with the HIV are venerable to stigmatisation; this is because our society has built up our perception to live in fear and to regard such virus as a fatal sin. He describes " the own" as a group that represent stigmatized society." the wise" β†’

Bulletin 1508- specific learning disability definition

Bulletin 1508, Specific Learning Disability Definitiona disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in the imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculationsSpecific Learning Disability includesconditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, β†’

The definition of mental illnesses

Psychiatry entails the study of the mental state, models that identify the causes of mind related disorders, grouping of schemes for the defects, information search pertaining to the disorders and treatments measures that are administered to address the disorders. The issue therefore arises when establishing the connection between treatment of mental illnesses and philosophical issues β†’

It element itself represents social interaction. definition: 1.

Two Conditions of Interaction: Park and Burgess are of the opinion that contact and communication are the two main condi tions of social interaction. Interstimulation and Response: The central nature of interaction is interstimulation and re sponse.

Civil go over the definition of enforcing a

Some example scenarios where motions to dismiss can arise wouldbe when the court is violating jurisdiction by hearing the case, its at the wrongvenue, or when the plaintiff fails to state a claim accurately and there is adispute concerning the involvement of all the parties in the case to be able toreach a fair judgment. β†’

Competency profiling

The emphasis of a competency based recruitment system is to assess the learning ability of the applicants and select those who have the maximum potential to do so. This indicates to the interviewer a candidate's ability for to perform well in the job.

Definition essay: bravery

A rose is a rose and a nose is a nose after all. Oftentimes, bravery is a spur-of-the-moment emotion that leaves little time to think your actions and consequences through.

Definition of hemoglobin essay sample

Anemia is a general term referring to a shortage of red blood cells or a reduction in hemoglobin. Iron deficiency anemia is caused by a shortage of the mineral iron, which is necessary to produce hemoglobin.

My definition of a hero essay

He is a hero now, and will always be a hero to me. He is ready to live a pain free life and not be sick anymore.

Definition and related theories of personality psychology essay

Besides, Larsen and Buss define personality as " the set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that are organized and relatively enduring and that influence his or her interactions with, and adaptations to, the environment". Furthermore, extraversion is related to the experience of positive of emotions, and extraverts are more likely to take β†’

Definition of terrorism in contemporary society

Strategies that destinations can adopt to eliminate terrorist attacks The major strategy is to create awareness among the public and the tourists of terror attacks and encourage the spirit of cautiousness and personal initiative in the reduction of terrorism. It is also pertinent to involve the media and ensure that terror attacks are properly covered β†’

Much of sonnet is given to definition of ideal love assignment

This sonnet attempts to define love, by telling what It Is and Is not " love Is not love, which alters when alteration finds." Shakespeare speaks how when love Is true love obstacles cannot ruin It, and how It Is not true love If something can break It. I found " Sonnet 116" attractive and β†’

The definition of industrialised building system construction essay

In another definition by Esa and Nuruddin claimed that IBS is a continuum beginning from utilizing craftsman for every aspect of construction to a system that make use of manufacturing production in order to minimise resource wastage and enhance value for end users.clarified that elaboration of IBS whereby the IBS in construction industry includes the β†’

Expository paragraph: definition, how to write and tips essay

An expository paragraph may be submitted in the format of contrasts, comparisons, examination of cause-effect relationships or as a detailed explanation of a particular phenomenon. The language of a narrative is slightly differing from an academic writing.

Social mobility definition assignment

Social Mobility * In sociology and economics, as well as in common political discourse, social mobility refers to the degree to which an individual or group's status is able to change in terms of position in the social hierarchy. Stratification or the hierarchical arrangement of this is thus transformed due to this change in status β†’

U05a1- problems definition and intrest statement on depression

For instance a chemical known as cortisol, a hormone that a body produces in anger and stress, is at its peak in the morning and gradually decreases as the day progresses but in people, suffering from depression, the cortisol level does not comes down in the later hours of the day. H, & Robinson, R.P.

A liberal definition by john kennedy

With this much substantial trait, JFK proved to have shown the evolution of his liberal ideas by adopting a collegial decision-making model which sought resolution of conflicts through consensus and thorough cross-fertilization to filter out a more refined and trustworthy output of argument, serving the best interest of the majority in the process. In particular, β†’

The definition of social anxiety

Social anxiety disorder is defined as " an anxiety disorder in which a person has an excessive and unreasonable fear of social situations". Social anxiety is not shyness at all." A shy person may have social anxiety disorder, and they may not.

Definition of inclusion and how it defers to integration

According to the government the term Inclusion is defined as " The department for Education and Employment Green Paper explains that Inclusion is a process, not a fixed state....meaning not only that pupils with education needs should wherever possible receive their education in a mainstream school, but also that they should join fully with their β†’

Definition or a tree, else with placement

The fact that there are numerous woodland burial sites accessible for green funerals in the United Kingdom relative to only 50 in the late 1990s, makes it a more appealing alternative for those individuals planning for their dear ones or their own funeral. In the United States, green funerals have become a common reality and β†’

The definition of “i”

I am who I am today because of all the choices I make, things I learn and people who influence me while I move forward in life. In my life so far I have meet many different people and I have to say without a doubt the people that have the biggest influence on my β†’

What is the true definition of beauty essay

One factor that is constantly changing is the definition of beauty and the avenues people would take to be considered beautiful. Beauty is a topic that has no rights or wrong, so what is considered to be beautiful, what are the lengths people go to to be considered beautiful and does body art add or β†’


Repurchase Agreement - is a type of short-term loan much used in the money markets, whereby the seller of a security agrees to buy it back at a specified price and time; the seller pays an interest rate, called the repo rate, when buying back the securities. Purchasing Power - The value of a currency β†’

Racial definition

Is race a biological phenomenon or a social concept Michael Omi and Howard Winant in their book " Racial Formation in the United Sates: From the 1960s to the 1980s" debunk the scholars of the 18th and 19th centuries who thought race as a biological concept. Biological definition and social concept of race do make β†’

ο»Ώoutline and evaluate two or more definitions of abnormality essay sample

An example of a social norm is politeness as this is the start of interpersonal relations. Social standards are not restricted to rules of etiquette but also more serious issues, such as what is acceptable in sexual behaviour.

Definition of some symbols

Media Matters reports: [A]ccording to the American Red Cross website, it was "[i]n honor of the Swiss.that] the symbol of a red cross on a white background was identified as a protective emblem in conflict areas." While the cross on the Swiss flag originated in the 1200s from " a symbol of the Christian faith," β†’

Definition essay: school

In the USA, any educational establishment can be described as a school, when as in the UK, school is a place you go to up to the age of 16. Other people are not interested in what they can get out of school, though, and see it as a place to socialize, become popular, have β†’

Investigating the concept and definition of values

A major problem with the test is that the six values are vaguely defined and they are also too general to be of practical use. The measurement of both temperaments and values is important in the assessment of the individual.

Definition of culture

Included in the concepts, wherein culture in the said period can be considered recognizable, are related to feminism, roles of nuns in the society and the reshaping of the popular culture. The changes in the culture can be related to the effects of war in American society in the 1950s.

Definition essay: silence

For example, if a person is deaf then there is not mercenarily silence in a room, even if that person cannot hear it. It is reminiscent of the Chinese saying about if a tree falls in the woods and nobody is there to hear it, then does it make a sound?

The definition of health management essay

This assignment is actually will describe about the contradictory demand of cost reduction program and the need to invest to enhance the standard of health, safety and environment in the industry. In science and engineering, a system is the part of the universe that is being studied, while the environment is the remainder of the β†’

Descriptive research: definition, types and examples descriptive research definition

Descriptive research is a type of research methods aimed at providing the basic info concerning the central issue of the research. The task of the author preparing descriptive research is to dwell upon the facts related to the object of research.

Intelligence definition and measurement

These are the visual-spatial intelligence, the verbal-linguistic intelligence, the bodily-kinetic intelligence, the logical-mathematical intelligence, the interpersonal, and the musical, intrapersonal and realistic intelligence. The normative process has to make with a choice of a good figure of people whom the trial is to be administered to.

Definition of service quality

According to an example, in a hospital doctor thinks to give a planned treatment to the patient but the patient will not understand it and wait for the proper responses from the staff of the hospital. Solution: To avoid this hospital should not provide any wrong information and must fulfil the expectations of the patient β†’