1,079
13
Essay, 3 pages (800 words)

Murud-janjira essay

Advertising We'll write a high-quality original custom paper on Murud-janjira essay just for you with a 15% discount for the 1st order Use a Discount Use a Discount

Murud-Janjira is the local name for a fort situated at the coastal village of Murud, in the Raigad district of Maharashtra, India. [1] It is famous for being the only fort along India’s western coast that remained undefeated despite Dutch and English East India Company attacks. Origins of the name The word Janjira is not native to India, and may have originated after the Arabic word Jazeera, which means an island. Murud was once known in Marathi as Habsan (“ of Habshi” or Abyssinian).

Some of the people also split the name as “ Jal Jeera” meaning fort in the water The name of the fort is a concatenation of the Konkani and Arabic words for Island, “ morod” and “ jazeera”. The word “ morod” is peculiar to Konkani and is absent in Marathi. Thus, during the rains, the fields get flooded, but the morods never flood. The State of Murud-Janjira was known to the Maratha Empire as Habsan, the land of the Habshis. Major features

Murud-Janjira Fort situated on a rock of oval shape near the port town of Murud, 165km south of Mumbai, Janjira is one of the strongest marine forts of India (the word ‘ Janjira’ is a corruption of the Arabic word Jazira for island). The forts is approached by sailboats from Rajapuri jetty. The main gate of the fort faces Rajapuri on the shore and can be seen only when one is quite close to it. It has a small postern gate towards the open sea for escape. The fort has 19 rounded bastions, still intact. There are many canons of native and European make rusting on the bastions.

Now in ruins, the fort in its heyday had all necessary facilities, e. g. , palaces, quarters for officers, mosque, a big fresh water tank, etc. On the outer wall flanking the main gate, there is a sculpture depicting a tiger-like beast clasping elephants in its claws. This sculpture, its meaning difficult to interpret, appears on many fort-gates of Maharashtra. Originally the fort was small wooden structure built by a Koli chief in the late 15th century. It was captured by Pir Khan, a general of Nizamshah of Ahmednagar.

Later the fort was strengthened by Malik Ambar, the Abyssinian Siddi regent of Ahmednagar kings. From then onward Siddis became independent, owing allegiance to Adilshah and the Mughals as dictated by the times. Despite their repeated attempts, the Portuguese, the British and the Marathas failed to subdue the Siddi power. Shivaji’s all attempts to capture Janjira fort failed due to one reason or the other. When Sambhaji also failed, he built another island fort, known as Kansa or Padmadurg, just 9km north of Janjira.

The Janjira state came to an end after 1947. The palace of the Nawabs of Janjira at Murud is still in good shape. Situated on a rock of oval shape near the port town of Murud, 165kms south of Mumbai, Janjira is one of the strongest marine forts of India (the word ‘ Janjira’ is a corruption of the Arabic word Jazira for island). The forts is approached by sailboats from Rajapuri jetty. The main gate of the fort faces Rajapuri on the shore and can be seen only when one is quite close to it.

It has a small postern gate towards the open sea for escape. The fort has 19 rounded bastions, still intact. There are many canons of native and European make rusting on the bastions. Now in ruins, the fort in its heyday had all necessary facilities, e. g. , palaces, quarters for officers, mosque, a big fresh water tank, etc. On the outer wall flanking the main gate, there is a sculpture depicting a tiger-like beast clasping elephants in its claws. This sculpture, its meaning difficult to interpret, appears on many fort-gates of Maharashtra.

Originally the fort was small wooden structure built by a Koli chief in the late 15th century. It was captured by Pir Khan, a general of Nizamshah of Ahmednagar. Later the fort was strengthened by Malik Ambar, the Abyssinian Siddi regent of Ahmednagar kings. From then onward Siddis became independent, owing allegiance to Adilshah and the Mughals as dictated by the times. Despite their repeated attempts, the Portuguese, the British and the Marathas failed to subdue the Siddi power. Shivaji’s all attempts to capture Janjira fort failed due to one reason or the other.

When Sambhaji also failed, he built another island fort, known as Kansa or Padmadurg, just 9kms north of Janjira. The Janjira state came to an end after 1947. The palace of the Nawabs of Janjira at Murud is still in good shape. Picture: A distant view of Janjira from the southern side (above), and the huge sweet water tank inside the fort (inset). A close view of the eastern side of the island fort (below). The sea water has scooped away some portions of the stone wall near the water line.

Thank's for Your Vote!
Murud-janjira essay. Page 1
Murud-janjira essay. Page 2
Murud-janjira essay. Page 3
Murud-janjira essay. Page 4

This work, titled "Murud-janjira essay" was written and willingly shared by a fellow student. This sample can be utilized as a research and reference resource to aid in the writing of your own work. Any use of the work that does not include an appropriate citation is banned.

If you are the owner of this work and don’t want it to be published on AssignBuster, request its removal.

Request Removal

Cite this Essay

References

AssignBuster. (2022) 'Murud-janjira essay'. 28 October.

Reference

AssignBuster. (2022, October 28). Murud-janjira essay. Retrieved from https://assignbuster.com/murud-janjira-essay/

References

AssignBuster. 2022. "Murud-janjira essay." October 28, 2022. https://assignbuster.com/murud-janjira-essay/.

1. AssignBuster. "Murud-janjira essay." October 28, 2022. https://assignbuster.com/murud-janjira-essay/.


Bibliography


AssignBuster. "Murud-janjira essay." October 28, 2022. https://assignbuster.com/murud-janjira-essay/.

Work Cited

"Murud-janjira essay." AssignBuster, 28 Oct. 2022, assignbuster.com/murud-janjira-essay/.

Get in Touch

Please, let us know if you have any ideas on improving Murud-janjira essay, or our service. We will be happy to hear what you think: [email protected]