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Method paper

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RESEARCH DESIGN of Affiliation Problem ment The advancements in information and technology have made internet enabled gadgets such as cellphones and tablet more accessible than ever before. More people spend a significant portion of their time gazing at the screen of their phones or tablets just to see the latest update in social media. For instance, in a school set up, it is no longer a shocking scenario to find three-quarters of student in a classroom chatting in Facebook or sending Tweets while the lectures are ongoing. One may then wonder if such students gain anything from what the lectures. In view of this, this research paper asks: What is the relationship between students’ academic performance and their involvement in social media?
Hypothesis
Students who spend most of their time in social media depict a general dismal performance in their academics.
Research Method
Experimental research method form the basis of understanding the above research problem. The independent variable is students’ involvement in social media while the dependent variable is their academic performance. Understandably, different high schools have different policies regarding students’ usage of cell phones, tablets, or other internet enabled gadgets within the school compound. Therefore, the research will begin by selecting at least four five different 6 different schools, three of which are those that limit students from carrying phones to class and the other three which are liberal pertaining to this matter. The second stage will be to select a random sample of 10 students from each of these schools. Then using questionnaires, each of the participants in the experiment would be required to respond to closed ended structured questions. The basic questions, for instance, will be:
1. Do you carry any internet enabled gadget to class?
2. Have you sign up for any social media? If yes, is it Facebook, Tweeter, or Myspace?
3. Have you ever signed in to any of the above social media during lectures?
4. What was your academic GRADE in the last two semesters?
Experimental validity
The validity of this experiment is most likely to be compromised due to experimenters’ bias. As already stated, most experimenters get into a research study with an already formulated mindset of what the expected results could be. To address this issue, double blind procedure may be used. For instance, the experimenter would first get the answers for question 4 above before checking out the answers for questions 1-3.
Ethical Concerns
Before carrying out any experimental research study, it is ethical to always seek the informed consent of the participants as well as get permission from the authorities. For this case, authorities will be the school administration. Also, it is necessary to always maintain privacy and confidentiality of the data gathered. This is to imply that the names of the students who participated in the research should remain concealed at all costs not unless the students permit its usage.
Possible sources of errors
While the experimental research may appear as simplistic as discussed above, there are other sources of errors that may interfere with the credibility of the outcome results. For instance, other variable such as economic status of the students, social class, and cultural diversity are beyond experimenters control and may interfere with the results. For example, it is expected that a student from high social class to be affected little with usage of such gadgets as it is part of their lifestyle since childhood. This may not be the case for those from low class. This may be resolved by considering a relatively homogenous study sample.
Reference
Goodwin, C. J. (2010). Research in psychology: Methods and design. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

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