Quality Air Essay Examples for Your Learning

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Air secondly, we are filling the air

In the lungs it meets the oxygen breathed in from the outer air, and the oxygen purifies and revitalizes the blood, which passes on to the heart to be pumped round the body once more on its life-sustaining mission. The poison gas, called carbonic acid gas, which the venous blood unloads in the lungs, is →

Airasia: history in malaysia

Since 2005 to 2008 ha was appointed Non-Executive Director of the Company and currently is the Non-Executive Chairman of VDSL Network Sdn Bhd. Dato' Kamarudin Bin Meranun as a Director on 12 December 2001, and now is a Non-Independent Non-Executive Director of AirAsia.

History of the tuskegee airmen history essay

It called for the " creation of training programs to be located at black colleges which would prepare African Americans for service in a large range of areas in the Air Corps support services".[1]While the 1939 law required the Army Air Corps to expand, they did not do so as quickly as the minority population →

Arsenic in ambient air

The purpose of this report is to investigate the properties of airborne arsenic and recommend whether further sampling and research programmes should be implemented to gather sufficient data/statistics. 1, 2 However, it is most commonly found in the environment as inorganic arsenic, in the form of trivalent As and pentavalent As particulates in ambient air.

Singapore airlines environment analysis marketing essay

Singapore Airlines is a strong believer in the use of IT and is currently examining various new IT developments such as electronic ticketing, selling tickets through the internet, smart cards for self-service check-in, automated check-in, and more sophisticated yield management software.[2] Singapore Airlines is the first and only airline to install a productivity suite for →

Facial hair or no essay

Some men prefer to be completely shaven while others prefer to have some form of facial hair. All in all, having facial hair is a choice that some men make to achieve the look they are going for.

Air pollution26 assignment

Motor vehicles produce high levels of carbon monoxides and a major source of hydrocarbons and nitrogen oxides 3.explosion of the population: cause the contamination of air by the discharge of harmful substances.mass transportation which enables people to move farther and faster through a city and more work force in industry that run with chemical means.-economic →

Case study on the european no-frills airline industry

Therefore, the unavailability of secondary air strips, where these smaller airlines can land can cause the breakdown of the cartel as it may not be able to afford paying the taxes for the larger airports and this reason may influence the breakdown of the cartel. This reoccurring action may tend to discourage customers and is →

Hrm issues in british airways

Employees in any organization do not have the same qualities and therefore there should be a good framework that recognizes this diversity and utilize it to the advantage of the company. It is the duty of management to make sure that their employees conduct themselves in good manner all times.

Analysis of the text up the down staircase essay

The letter can be divided into: salutation, the body of the letter and there is no final part what means that there is no conclusion. A lot of colloquialisms indicate that the text is written in the informal style.

The development of the low cost airline industry in asia

However, base on the limitation of time and information, this report will focus on China, Hong Kong, and Japan to investigate all of the issuse of low cost airline. In addition, they will focus on the lower income market and base on the time of booking and choice of flight Refer to Thomas Bieger, Andreas →

Air vs freight forum 352

The route can also play a deciding factor in making this decision and a combination of both air and sea fright might be the best choice. The carbon fingerprint of Airfreight is much higher than oceanfreight.

Examining ryanair’s launch strategy essay

In this market scenario, if Ryanair were to offer a round trip fare of I 98 round fare with no restrictions and similar service levels, we might expect Aer Lingus and British Airways customers and Rail/Ferry passengers to user Ryanair services instead. As per the case facts Ryanair has decided to work with London's secondary →

Air force one

Roosevelt called for the creation of the Presidential Pilot Office to provide air transportation to the President and his staff. In 1962, the first jet aircraft, a Boeing 707, was purchased for use as Air Force One.

Pay disagreements between cathay pacific airways and cathay’s pilots and flight attendants essay sample

The three flight attendants who filed the lawsuit are from the Cathay Pacific Airways Flight Attendants Union, which is the trade union of the cabin crew employed by Cathay Pacific Airways Limited. This is because the more the employees joined in the union, the larger the bargaining power to the employer.

Assessment of annual report of cathay pacific airways limited essay

Assessment of Annual Report of Cathay Pacific Airways Limited The annual reports of Cathay Pacific Airways Limited is analysed below keeping in view to the criteria designed according to the 11 models. By applying the criteria to the annual report of Cathay Pacific Airways Limited of year 2006 it is found that the reporting pattern →

Impact recession on the business british airways economics essay

While the precise causes of the 2008/9 recession, and the weight to be affixed to them in distinct national contexts, persist to be debated, it is widely accepted that the global banking crisis, sparked off by the extensive non-payment of " subprime mortgage holders in the USA, is one of the primary triggers. The crisis →

Pollution air pollution assignment

Water Pollution Water pollution is contamination of water from toxic chemicals, particulate, or bacterial matter that degrades the water's quality and purity. Water pollution can occur in oceans, rivers, lakes, and underground reservoirs, and as different water sources flow together the pollution can spread.

My expectations of the automotive repair industry

I think that in order to succeed in the automotive repair industry u have to have a good character to work with the customer and coworkers because it is a job where communication is very important. My expectations in the automotive industry are to make enough money so I can pay to major in business →

Kenya airways case study essay

This is because ERP solutions offered by Oracle fitted easily into KQ's existing processes and also provided enhanced processes to the business out-of-the-box. Technically the system has also brought a lot of transparency and visibility to the business.

Bharti airtel supply chain management

Apart from being the largest manufacturer of telephone instruments in India, it is also the first company to export its products to the USA. In the last nine years Airtel has achieved many firsts and unique records: it was the first to launch nationwide roaming operations, it was the first to cross the one million →

Shaira study assignment

The specs do not sound strong and " the zoom was limited," but in 2003, it was as clear and sharp as she needed it to tell her story as it " taught me how to frame subconsciously' and became a tool for her to discover life outside academics. It's a Saturday morning a decade →

Cultural dimensions in slumdog millionaire

In fact the whole movie is informed by the cultural artifacts of India, which includes the shared experiences of going to the movies and the distance between tourists and Indians at the Taj Mahal. Power/Distance is very much a part of the culture of this movie and it even frames the movie since Jamal's performance →

Laissez-faire assignment

First, and the simplest one is to decrease the money you pay for the workers, especially for companies have huge number of products and little profit on every single good. At first, because the less you pay to the workers, the lowest price of your rodents can be lower, the easier you can sell your →

Hong kong air cargo terminal limited

Therefore all the staff members must be equipped with relevant techniques and innovative methods to handle challenges arriving from time to time. Suggestions/ Comments : The staff engaged in Air Cargo business operations must be provided adequate exposure to handle the unexpected business exigencies.

The dairy industry of pakistan marketing essay

The milk production of the country has not been up to the mark and as a result the demand for dairy products outweighs the supply. Noon Pakistan Limited is a venture of the Noon Family and has been marketing its products under the brand name of Nurpur.

Automobile maintenance and auto repair shop

As a result of the situation above, the proponents aim to study the feasibility of setting up a repair shop in Barangay Bagong Kalsada. The proponents aim to provide the customers with good and affordable service without the need to go too far, thus, lessening the hassle that they encounter because of the lack of →

Effects of air pollution on ecosystems assignment

That's why NRC has joined other public health, advocacy and environmental organizations in the " Clean Air Promise," a national campaign to protect the health of children and families across the country from dangerous air pollution. Some key public health standards now under attack: Standards to Reduce Toxic Power Plant Air Pollution establishing standards to →

Cheapair accepts litecoin and dogecoin

Last November CheapAir became the first airline to accept Bitcoin and then later, the first to let travelers book hotel rooms and Amtrak train seats with the digital currency. Litecoin is the closest challenger to Bitcoin, based on its market cap and price ($154, 407, 677 and $ 4.

Claires antiques

Claire's Antiques Contribution Margin Contribution margin is computed as the difference between the sales price per unit less the variable cost. Break even in units Break even in units is computed as the quotient between fixed monthly cost and contribution margin ratio.

Human resource management at british airways:

Two training programmes were designed to train up the staff and managers where the first training programme 'putting people first' helped the staff to understand how the image of helpfulness satisfy the customers and the second training programme 'Managing People First' evoked the managers to breakdown the regimented approach and strict behavioural boundaries. The HR →

Fly – by – night airlines assignment

0 Executive Summary 2 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3. 00 per year = New Equipment + Scraping Fee = $ 340 000 + $ 50 000 = $ 390 000 Refer to Exhibit 2 for the Davidson Machine Cash flows Page 5 of 17 The Project that →

Why fairy tail is a bad manga

It is about a wizard guild named Fairy Tail, and the adventures of two of its members, a boy named Natsu and a girl named Lucy. The next problem in the story is the character development.

Challenges of change facing british airways

As a result of the worst recession for 60 years, their industry has faced a series of permanent structural changes that have drastically reduced their revenues in the short term and have permanently changed the economics of running a premium airline. The programme of change they are pursuing in the business is all about making →

Cinderella: brothers grimm and traditional fairy tale

The use of Sexton's sarcastic tone foreshadows what is to come in the poem. By her use of sarcasm, Sexton is depicting for the readers how the fairy tale ending is in fact not reality.

Solution for air pollution assignment

The solution for problems caused by automobiles can only be taken to the level of removing vehicles off the road that cause excessive pollution. Air pollution can be simply defined as " all the substances that are exhausted into the atmosphere that do not normally make up the air.

The qualities of a good questionnaire essay sample

Introduction A questionnaire is a research instrument consisting of a series of questions and other prompts for the purpose of gathering information from respondents. Brief and Limited Questionnaire: The number of questions in a schedule should be brief and limited as possible.

My first airplane ride and cruise vacation in cozmel

As the prerogatives of air travelling command, my husband and I reported to the Toronto airport in time with all the requisite documents to experience this feeling. In a very short time, the process of travelling was going to start and true to my expectation I was caught unawares.

Lost at the fair

I looked in front of me then behind me no where's around I decided to take the exit and go to my mom. The announcer asked me my mom's names and they hollered several times I was worried she could not hear them and what was I going to do.

Tourism and airline industry in the uae

As all the sectors in any economy are interlinked, so are the Tourism and Airlines industries with all the other major sectors of the UAE economy and thus not only the direct influence of the financial crisis, but also the cumulative effect needs to be considered. UAE's Economy: Before getting to the financial crisis it →

Beliefs of voltaire, rousseaum, and montesquieu essay sample

Some among the Enlightenment, such as Voltaire, Rousseau and Montesquieu, caused the spirit of innovation and improvement to come and characterize modern Europe and Western Society. None of these philosophes had the same philosophy of life According to Voltaire's philosophy of a perfect society, he believed that the main problems in the world are superstition, →

Singapore airlines: activity, culture and learning

The table beneath layouts a large number of components in connection to the double procedure of coordinating components of separation and cost administration in SIA. In addition, legitimate culture is one of the fundamental issues that make accomplishment or frustrations to learning organization.

Jones-blair company essay sample

This is the most important problem stated in the case because all the details directly or indirectly support this problem statement, and the various vice presidents of the company have met numerous times to come to a consensus regarding this issue. In addition to this, the professional painter should not be ignored since they comprise →

Factors that cause effects on the airline industry

In fact, the change in demand is one of the most important factors which affected to the airline industry. Hence, the table 1[5]below shows the annual loss and earnings of airline industry from 1990 to 2005 and figure 3 describes the annual net profit of the world airline industry[6].

Achilles tendinopathy in the dysrepair stage rehabilitation

A critical review of the key considerations of rehabilitation for an Achilles Tendinopathy in the dysrepair stage The Achilles tendon is the insertion of the distal gastrocnemius and soleus, transmitting load to the calcaneus. It consists of elastin and type 1 collagen embedded in the extracellular matrix of water and proteoglycans; and of the dry →

The macro environment of ryanair

The purpose of this analysis on the Ryanair case study is to evaluate the Macro environment and the industry analysis and the internal factors that will help Ryanair to succeed within the environment which they are operating. For the analysis on the macro environment and industry analysis, I will be using important models such as →

Missions and goals at british airways

British airways mission is to become a world responsible airline to achieve their mission they have five key goals Be the airline of choice for long haul premium customer Deliver and outstanding service for customer at every touch point Grow BA present in key global cities Build on leading position Meet customers' need and improve →

Impact of organisational culture in the hairdressing sector commerce essay

Assess organisational culture using several theoretical frameworks Evaluate if there is a link between organisational culture and performance in small hairdressing businesses Identify the advantages and disadvantages of having a strong culture in hairdressing business It is not the physically powerful, hasty and most ferocious who survive. Ouchi presented a similar relationship between corporate culture →

Air pollution and modern society assignment

Generally, air pollution is a major consequence of modern society for example; at the end of 20th century, invention of machines and technologies in the automobile sites resulted in more pollution of air than the past. In my perspective, people should take steps against air pollution because air is a trial constituent of environment and →

“hope, hopelessness and despair”: an analysis of realism, naturalism and romanticism in their eyes were watching god

Instead, the writing style aims to accurately represent the reality of the community as well as the potential of the community. Hurston brings hope and optimism to a reality that is honest, and accurately reflects the surrounding society of her narrative world.

The airline industry and the challenges tourism essay

Qatar Airways is the national airline company of Qatar which one of the fastest growing airlines in the world. According to a survey carried out by Pearce and David to analyze the mission contents of airline companies, the mission, it showed that Qatar's mission statement is one of the best in the world.

E commerce at yunnan lucky air

Presently, the company Is facing a niche competition after the Introduction of many new low-cost airline companies In the already saturated market and to keep itself ahead of the competition, Lucky Air needs to revisit its business treated and come up with a plan of action that would help in its progress. The Internet usage →

The american airline story

The growth of aviation as a major American industry can be attributed to the founding, growth and expansion of America's number one domestic and also the world's largest airline company, The American Airlines. This I deem most important in order for the management to gear the company towards expansion without compromising the relations with the →

Founding of the ryanair airline company

Ryan the founder of company suggested and encouraged Micheal to study the US airline model ' No Frill/Low Fares), which was using by the Southwest Airline in US and after that the model was implemented in the Ryanair. Ryanair overtakes the Air Lingus in the same year and became largest passengers airline between Dublin and →

The baneful airways ar commencement the roguish

The correspond pillar read Hateful Airways, India' facilitate most beautifully airline by thoughtful, and hauteur France-KLM nimble rack up to face up their information and count diagonal." This correspond strengthens the role offer kind between these airlines for the treatment of 2014 ANd turgid in 2016 on touching an plentiful code-share be consistent for leverage →

United airlines flight 232 crash

Some of the shrapnel pieces which passed to the stabilizer in the right horizontal affected the lines of the aircrafts three hydraulic systems which in turn caused the draining away of the fluid. Despite the fact that the three hydraulic systems of the aircraft were separate to ensure that a single event involving one system →

Environmental analysis of malaysian airline system

SA, CP and TA have many common destinations as MAS and are ranked higher than MAS in top 10 best airline of this year by Skytrax MAS could faces threats from action of market players and substitutes. This short essay is about a suggestion to include in business model of how MAS could solve earlier →

Airasia berhad strategy analysis

The value of the resources and capabilities interacts with the market sources and will differ based on time and industry. AirAsia operates within the airline industry and forces that are driven in the industry would identify the strength and weaknesses of the organisation.

The high as 50 feet into the air

Starring the inspirational Nick Vujicic as Mr Will inthe film with a rare disorder characterized by the absence of arms and legs, heplayed a role of pity and unvalueness in the beginning of the film only to befollowed by self-motivation, bravery and personal belief towards his amazingtransformation. The showman had described him tobe the rejected →

How trees prevent air pollution assignment

This lowers the amount of energy used to heat or cool the building and reduces the air pollution created in the production of energy. The burning of fossil fuels for energy and large scale forest fires such as in the tropics are major contributors to the buildup of CA in the atmosphere.

The millionaire next door analysis

The book is based on in-depth interviews and research of American millionaires and how they are able to stay wealthy by being frugal and not overspend. The two emphasized in the book are PAW and UAW, to be a PAW you are in the top percentile of wealth accumulation and to be a UAW, you →

How the chicago worlds fair reflected america

James Ellsworth, one of the board's directors of the Fair, " believed it imperative that the city protect its civic honor by producing the greatest such event in the world's history" and joined " one of the greatest artistic undertakings of the century". Unquestionably, the 1893 Chicago World's Fair was a legendary event that reflected →

Southwest airlines assignment

Southwest Airlines has been able to remain one of the most profitable airlines in the industry for an extended period of time. Their thinking turned out to be on target, as Southwest has for decades been one of the most successful airlines in the country.

Airôtel rümlang essay

In the meantime, at a certain moment in the text they said that her profits accounted for 5 percents of the revenues, so we have decided to test this possibility also and the results are as following: With a premium of 13. As we said in the first question, on our opinion she will choose →

Bharti airtel ltd: an analysis

Understanding the role of strategic business planning in Bharti Airtel Ltd Understanding of the strategies Bharti Airtel Ltd use to achieve competitive advantage Understanding of the impact of internal and external factors on Bharti Airtel Ltd Understanding of the environmental factors that have an effect on strategic business management and planning Bharti Airtel Ltd is →

Causes of air pollution assignment

Unhealthy waste management techniques, which are characterized by release of sewage into the large dumping grounds and nearby streams or rivers.* Causes of Noise Pollution The sources/causes of noise pollution increased in number with the invention * Traffic of machines. Aerodynamic noise, the noise emanating from aircraft systems and mechanical noise are the different kinds →

Jet airways

Jet Airways broke the monopoly of Indian Airline in January 1994 when it declared as a full scheduled airline as before that the domestic airline market was monopolised by Indian Airlines, from 1953 to 1994 due to The Air Corporation Act that do not allow any privatising of air transport and all major Indian air →

Singapore airlines: business, marketing and operations

This paper study is based on Singapore Airlines, in this case study the project has discuss about the SIA's Business, Marketing and operational strategy, what are the changes is the SIA's facing in future, how this airline company has changed its strategy and how this airline from a small country-state with a population of about →

How to make a paper airplane essay sample

First get a square piece of paper and fold it in half, and makemaking a crease in the paper. Thirdly, get Repeat this step with the adjacent corner on the opposite side of the crease and fold the second corner to the center crease also.

Fair mean lodge, epping forest

Here she intends to signal the reader of the quite forest as seen in ' peaceful lodge', and dwelling place in ' my summer seat.' Metonym has also been used in, " The quiver of the Norman bore". Fourth, the utilization of the element of synecdoche can be illustrated in very instances in the poem, →

Wheelchair assignment essay

I did not look forward to this assignment, because I had never been sitting in a wheelchair before and I did not know how to handle the situation. I was going in all different direction and in a past that was to slow to be in time.

Aircraft mechanics and aircraft inspectors

Common Job Titles Aircraft Maintenance Technician Aircraft Structures Technicians Aircraft Maintenance Engineer Avionics Maintenance Technicians Aviation Maintenance Inspector Aircraft Mechanic, Engine Overhaul Aircraft Systems Inspector Certified Aircraft Technician Hydraulics Mechanic Inspector, Flight Test Inspector, Repair and Overhaul Mechanic, Aircraft Maintenance Shop Inspector, Aircraft Repair Typical Employers aircraft and parts manufacturers federal government airline companies service →

Not all fairytales have a happy ending: sleeping beauty syndrome

It is thought that symptoms of Kleine-Levin syndrome may be related to malfunction of the portion of the brain that helps to regulate functions such as sleep, appetite, and body temperature. As episodes increase and parts of a patient? s life decreases, they began to have what we call? learned helplessness?

Dominican hair

Dominican Hair This is a pioneering ethnographic and chronological examination of Dominican distinctiveness in the Republic of Dominican and the US. The overall importance of this book is its contribution to the understanding of the manner in which national and racial identities were generated and interpreted.

An unfair determination essay

The sophisticated and well mannered atmosphere of the school was brought to the viewer's attention by the introduction of the main character, the teacher, Mr. Hoffman continues to apply the factors of cheating and unfairness with the act of Sedgewick taping the answers of the questions on the inside of his toga.

Coconut oil and calamansi peelings as agent for hair oil chapter

In this study, we commonly use the extract of calamansi peelings which has pectin to preserve the fragrance of the coconut oil and which at the same time gives an additional fragrance to the oil. The Making of the Hair Oil Agent Put the calamansi peelings in the pot with the coconut oil and wait →

Hydrates hairline cracks are induced. most pores are

Most of the hydrates are stable and solublein water at room temperature. The repeatedhydration and dehydration changes the volume of saline minerals which in turnaffects the volume of pore spaces and hairline cracks are induced.

Hrm models and southwest airlines

A good culture is one in which the members of the organization are aware of their needs and requirements in the organization and will perform well in order to achieve the objectives of it. It is the duty of HRM to develop a good culture in an organization empowered with good policies and practices by →

Specific language impairment and self-efficacy in adolescents

The purpose of this present study is to examine the relationship of SLI in teenagers aged 13 and their levels of self-efficacy, which is to be measured using the General Self-Efficacy Scale. Participants of both the typical development group and the specific language impairment group were given a task in which they were instructed to →

Inclusion of visually impaired students

Inclusive education, on the other hand, " is a larger and prior concept" and aims to restructure schools in order to respond to the learning needs of all children. The representation and attainment of students with a visual impairment in higher education.

The fairy tale forest creative writing example

All of a sudden I feel faint and fall to the ground without much energy. My heart is in my mouth and I feel fear as the door seems to open.

Sonic boom mitigation for hypersonic airliners engineering essay

This will enable the ability to determine the effects of the controlled manoeuvres on the focusing aspect of the sonic boom footprint. Figure 2 is used to represent the results of a steady, non-accelerated flight at constant altitude and the resultant ground propagation.

Air pollution assignment

Air pollution is largely caused by the burning of wastes and fuels, and can lead to global limited change, smog, and air that can make people sick. Air pollution is largely caused by the burning of wastes and fuels.

The merger of british airways and iberia management essay

I am going to look at the impact of the merger on the stakeholders, the shareholders, the staff and the customer, to see how merging benefits both of the airlines. I will construct a SWOT analysis to find the answers to this investigation but also using economies of scale and the concept of synergy to →

Airasia flight cost so that everyone can fly

Their missions are: To ensure close relationship between company and employees as a big family To make AirAsia recognize as ASEAN brand To offer full premiers services with lowest flight cost so that everyone can fly with AirAsia Maintain the quality of product and technology to achieve the goal which is reduce cost1. Due to →

Acquisition of an aircraft manufactory management essay

The aerospace industries put the money on new materials finding and using, in order to reduce the climate changes, and innovated to reduce the noise. The industry requires high technology and finds new material in order to reduce the noise and climate changes.' We expect to grow the market share by exploring new geographic location →

Fair and handsome cream | marketing

Fair and handsome is a brand that created the Men's fairness cream segment in India. The Fair and handsome is the name of the fairness creme which is manufactured exclusively for men.

Death, loss, and their repercussions in the stories of alistair macleod

In " The Boat", MacLeod orchestrates antithesis of the mother " looking upon the sea with love and [her son] with bitterness" to highlight the antipathy that is a repercussion of a loss of family unity. In this way, MacLeod's narratives encourage readers to develop a perception of the complex bereavement that is an impact →

Air cargo forecasts: the mergeglobal forecast

The MergeGlobal forecast entitled Steady Climb speaks of the air freight tonnage growth after the traffic boom of 2004, following years of stagnation in 2002 and 2003 because of the dot-com bubble and collapse in technological spending in 2001. 4% that is double the growth rate from 2000 to 2005.

Training on performance of employees in etihad airways

It is widely recognised that with all other things being equal, the competitive advantage of organisations, both in production and in service sectors, is determined by the quality of organisational employees and the levels of customer service. This research project aims to determine the role of training of employees in Etihad airlines on the organisational →

The objectives of the ryanair corporation

The main objective of the Ryanair is to remain in Europe and to become a leading low fare airline by using regional and secondary airport with a point-to-point service. For example the security measures and the scare of airplanes being blown up in the UK on august 10th 2006 has fixed the level of baggage →

“hair” by marcia aldrich essay sample

' Hair' by Marcia Aldrich In Marcia Aldrich's short story ' Hair', she used one of the most defining aspects of our physical appearance to show how the efforts to tame our hair reflect upon the construct of our identity. The author says of her mother: " but, in my lifetime, she never washed her →

International affairs

Roxana Saberi, Former Miss NorthDakota, Journalist, Arrested In Iran For Buying Bottle Of Wine, Says Her Father FARGO, N.D.A U.S.journalist has been arrested in Iran, and her father said Sunday she told him in a brief phone call she was detained after buying a bottle of wine. The book is about the culture and the →

Velocity profile for turbulent air jet engineering essay

The results show that it is possible to obtain the maximum entrainment when the jet width equals to the diameter of the pipe. Therefore, we can writeWhere is the downstream distance along the jet, is the cross-jet radial distance from its centerline, is the maximum speed at the centerline, and is the standard deviation related →